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It is one of the three most popular normative ethics theories. Moral character and qualities are central to the notion. Deontology (the study of norms and obligations) and the consequences of an individual’s actions are the focus of other systems (consequentialism). The idea is significant to me because it instills virtues like honesty, optimism, realism, and a respect for human relationships in my character (Jayawickreme 2014).
Objective and subjective interpretations are possible when it comes to the philosophy of virtue ethics. Providing an objective standard for humanity, with the goal of ensuring the well-being of all people, results in an element of objectivity. The idea is subjective in that it does not provide specific instructions on how to behave, and individuals are left to make their own decisions. As a result, ethics loses its objectivity, leading to relativism (Hursthouse 2013).
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There are several advantages to the idea, including the recognition that an agent’s emotions are engaged while making an ethical decision, and that practical solutions exist to moral issues that contradict with absolute laws. Other normative models neglect the relevance of the agent’s personality and the role that motivation plays in ethical thinking. It also shifts the emphasis of moral standards from the actions of agents and allows people to learn and improve their moral lives (Vaughn 2015). However, there are flaws in the idea that must be addressed. Eudaimonia, for example, is difficult to define, and Aristotle’s argument that certain qualities might lead to a goal is impossible to verify. The idea also fails to clearly outline the procedures a person should take when confronted with a problem. Finding a good person to ask for advice on the best course of action may be a real challenge. The theory also has to contend with the issue of definitional circularity, which leads to misunderstandings and relativism in interpretation (Hursthouse 2013).